Aphasia is a neurologic disorder caused by damage to the portions of the brain responsible for language production and processing.
A person with aphasia may:
- Substitute one word for another or one sound for another
- Speak unrecognizable words
- Not understand other people’s conversation
- Write sentences that don’t make sense
Aphasia typically occurs suddenly after a stroke or a head injury. But it can also come on gradually. Once the cause has been addressed, the main treatment for aphasia is speech and language therapy. The person with aphasia relearns and practices language skills and learns to use other ways to communicate. Family members often participate in the process, helping the person communicate.